In the bodybuilding world, one of the most feared words is “catabolism”; and this refers to the state in which muscle tissue breaks down due to the breakdown of complex molecules into smaller ones.
On the other hand, the anabolic state is the opposite, this refers to the breakdown of food and nutrients within the body.
Which later will have the ability to intervene in different growth and development processes, for example muscle tissue, and what helps us to increase body development.
METABOLISM: THE CATABOLIC AND ANABOLIC PROCESSES
As we saw at the beginning, the concept of catabolic process could be defined as that process of metabolism that transforms nutrients and larger biomolecules into smaller ones.
When the particles obtained from food are broken down into smaller nutrients, energy is released through an oxidation process.
This released energy helps maintain proper muscle activity; in fact, the entire oxidation process during catabolism leads to the synthesis of new chemical blocks of ATP (adenosine triphosphate).
And it is from these ATP molecules that cells feed to transfer the energy obtained from the catabolic process and thus be able to generate movement or participate in an anabolic process of tissue and structure development.
TRAINING AND CATABOLISM
As an example of catabolism we can cite intense training as a clear example.
In fact, when you increase your training volume to a level that your body is not used to, it will cause the wasting of muscle tissue, saturating that tissue with nutrient rich blood.
In that case, the body uses the nutrients provided by the blood, degrading them for energy.
Most of our body uses glycogen (which is the way to store carbohydrates) and stored body fat for energy, although water is also lost when you sweat and various vitamins and minerals.
Therefore, we can say that our body is in a state of catabolism during all that level of training.
HOW TO GO FROM A CATABOLIC STATE TO AN ANABOLIC STATE?
Our body will remain in that catabolic state until we provide it with food and nutrients through an adequate diet and we give it the necessary time for rest and recovery.
In this way you must incorporate the necessary food so that during the subsequent recovery process our body can capture enough nutrients to replace what was lost.
Thus achieving the reconstruction of muscle tissue and allowing it to grow back bigger and stronger during the recovery period.
CONCLUSION ON METABOLISM AND MUSCLE DEVELOPMENT
Although it sounds repetitive, to achieve the desired muscle development, we must not only train, but we must also take the transformation of our body from a global catabolic state to an anabolic state.
For this remember that if the nutrient reserves are not replenished after a workout, then the development that we could have achieved with adequate nutrition cannot be maximized.
In turn, if you do not give yourself the necessary time to rest, you will not get the maximum benefits of training, because you will not let the body enter an anabolic state during the recovery period.
Simply put, our body has not been provided with the tools necessary to repair broken tissue.
In short, and in order not to make you dizzy, without adequate nutritional intake and without sufficient rest time, the natural process of growth and tissue repair will not take place and your body will remain in a catabolic state, which, if it is maintained for a long period , it is dangerous for our body, its health and training efficiency.